TURNER’S SYNDROME (TS)
Turner’s Syndrome is a genetic condition affecting approximately 1 in 2,500 females in which some or all of the second X-chromosome is missing in either some or every cell in the body (hence the reason it only affects females). My parents found out that I had it when I was still in the womb but in some cases it is not diagnosed until after birth. The symptoms vary depending on which cells are affected but commonly include short stature, extra folds of skin around the neck (called webbed neck), hearing loss, an increased amount of moles, heart problems, kidney problems, digestive issues, underactive thyroid, low muscle tone, and lack of normal sexual development due to premature ovarian failure. As such, I have to take HRT or hormone replacement therapy. Interestingly enough, there may be a link to long term HRT use and Crohn’s Disease.
CROHN’S DISEASE (CD)
As Crohn’s Disease has not been a part of my life as long as Turner’s Syndrome, I am not as familiar with it and know less about it. However, from what I understand, it is one of two autoimmune disorders which fall under the category of Irritable Bowel Disease, the other one being Ulcerative Colitis, in which the body attacks the good bacteria of the gut, mistaking it as foreign and bad. This causes ulcers to develop in the intestinal lining leading to abdominal pain and other complications such as diarrhea, constipation, bleeding, infection and even perforation or obstruction of colon. Unlike Ulcerative Colitis, which only affects the colon, Crohn’s Disease can affect any part of the digestive system from the mouth to the anus.
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